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The Ultimate Book on Electromagnetism: Irodov's Basic Laws Of Electromagnetism - Grab Your Free PDF Today




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Basic Laws Of Electromagnetism Irodov Pdf Free




Electromagnetism is one of the most fundamental branches of physics that deals with the interaction of electric and magnetic fields. It has many applications in science, engineering, technology, and everyday life. For example, electromagnetism is responsible for the phenomena of light, radio waves, microwaves, X-rays, electricity, magnetism, motors, generators, transformers, relays, solenoids, speakers, headphones, microphones, telephones, computers, TVs, radios, MRI machines, and many more.




Basic Laws Of Electromagnetism Irodov Pdf Free


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But how can we understand and describe these phenomena mathematically and logically? What are the basic laws that govern the behavior of electric and magnetic fields? How can we solve problems involving these fields and their sources? These are some of the questions that this article will try to answer by introducing you to a classic book on electromagnetism by a renowned physicist and author: Basic Laws Of Electromagnetism by I.E. Irodov. This book is available for free in PDF format on various websites and platforms. In this article, we will tell you why you should read this book, who is I.E. Irodov and what is his contribution to electromagnetism, and how to download this book from the Internet Archive.


What is electromagnetism and why is it important?




Electromagnetism is the study of electric and magnetic fields and their interaction with matter. Electric fields are produced by electric charges (positive or negative) and magnetic fields are produced by electric currents (moving charges) or magnets. Electric and magnetic fields can exert forces on each other and on other charges or currents. These forces can cause motion, acceleration, work, energy transfer, induction, radiation, polarization, magnetization, etc.


Electromagnetism is important because it explains many natural phenomena and enables many technological inventions. For instance:


  • Electromagnetic waves are oscillating electric and magnetic fields that travel through space at the speed of light. They include visible light, infrared radiation, ultraviolet radiation, radio waves, microwaves, X-rays, gamma rays, etc. They carry energy and information across vast distances and can interact with matter in various ways.



  • Electricity is the flow of electric charges through a conductor or a circuit. It can be generated by various sources such as batteries, generators, solar cells, etc. It can be transmitted by wires or cables or wireless methods. It can be used to power various devices such as lights, heaters, fans, motors, etc.



  • Magnetism is the property of certain materials that attract or repel other materials or produce magnetic fields. Magnets can be natural or artificial, permanent or temporary, soft or hard, etc. They can be used for various purposes such as compasses, magnets, speakers, headphones, microphones, etc.



  • Electromagnetic induction is the phenomenon of generating an electric current or voltage in a conductor or a circuit by changing the magnetic field around it. It is the basis of many devices such as generators, transformers, relays, solenoids, etc.



  • Electromagnetic radiation is the emission of electromagnetic waves by accelerating charges or changing magnetic fields. It is the source of light and other forms of electromagnetic waves. It can be used for various purposes such as communication, imaging, heating, sterilization, etc.



These are just some examples of the importance of electromagnetism. There are many more applications and implications of this branch of physics that you can explore and learn from this book.


What are the basic laws of electromagnetism?




The basic laws of electromagnetism are the mathematical equations that describe the relationship between electric and magnetic fields and their sources. They are also known as Maxwell's equations, named after the Scottish physicist James Clerk Maxwell who formulated them in the 19th century by combining and generalizing the previous discoveries of other scientists such as Faraday, Ampere, Gauss, etc.


Maxwell's equations consist of four differential equations that relate the electric field E, the magnetic field B, the electric charge density ρ, and the electric current density J. They are:


  • Gauss's law for electric fields: This law states that the electric flux through any closed surface is equal to the net electric charge enclosed by that surface divided by a constant called the electric permittivity. Mathematically, it is written as:



$$\oint_S \mathbfE \cdot d\mathbfA = \fracQ\varepsilon_0$$


  • Gauss's law for magnetic fields: This law states that the magnetic flux through any closed surface is zero. This implies that there are no magnetic monopoles or isolated magnetic charges. Mathematically, it is written as:



$$\oint_S \mathbfB \cdot d\mathbfA = 0$$


  • Faraday's law of induction: This law states that the electromotive force (EMF) or voltage induced in a loop of wire or a circuit is equal to the negative rate of change of the magnetic flux through that loop or circuit. Mathematically, it is written as:



$$\oint_C \mathbfE \cdot d\mathbfl = -\fracddt \int_S \mathbfB \cdot d\mathbfA$$


  • Ampere's circuital law: This law states that the magnetic field around a closed loop or a circuit is proportional to the net electric current flowing through that loop or circuit plus a term related to the rate of change of the electric flux through that loop or circuit. Mathematically, it is written as:



$$\oint_C \mathbfB \cdot d\mathbfl = \mu_0 \left( I + \varepsilon_0 \fracddt \int_S \mathbfE \cdot d\mathbfA \right)$$ where μ0 is a constant called the magnetic permeability.


These four equations can be written in different forms using different notations and conventions. They can also be expressed in integral form (as shown above) or in differential form (using partial derivatives and vector operators such as divergence and curl). They can also be derived from more fundamental principles such as conservation laws and symmetries.


In addition to Maxwell's equations, there is another important law that relates the force exerted by electric and magnetic fields on a moving charge or a current. This law is called Lorentz force law, named after the Dutch physicist Hendrik Lorentz who formulated it in the 19th century. It states that:


$$\mathbfF = q(\mathbfE + \mathbfv \times \mathbfB)$$ This law can be extended to a current-carrying wire or a loop by replacing the charge q with the current I and the velocity v with the length element dl. Then, the force dF acting on a small segment of the wire or loop is given by:


$$d\mathbfF = I(d\mathbfl \times \mathbfB)$$ The total force on the wire or loop is then obtained by summing up the forces on all segments.


Lorentz force law can be used to explain many phenomena such as the deflection of a charged particle in a magnetic field, the Hall effect, the cyclotron, the electric motor, etc.


These are the basic laws of electromagnetism that you need to know and understand in order to solve problems and learn more advanced topics in this field. They are also the foundation of this book by I.E. Irodov.


Who is I.E. Irodov and what is his contribution to electromagnetism?




Igor Evgenyevich Irodov (1923-2002) was a Soviet physicist, educator, and author. He was born in Moscow and graduated from Moscow State University in 1947. He worked as a researcher and professor at various institutes and universities in Russia and abroad. He specialized in nuclear physics, plasma physics, quantum mechanics, and astrophysics. He published more than 100 scientific papers and several books on physics.


He is best known for his books on general physics and electromagnetism for undergraduate students. His books are widely used as textbooks and reference books in many countries. They are known for their clear and concise presentation of the theory and their challenging and original problems and solutions.


One of his most famous books is Basic Laws Of Electromagnetism, which was first published in 1973 by Mir Publishers in Moscow. This book covers the main concepts and methods of electromagnetism in a systematic and rigorous way. It includes many examples and exercises that illustrate and test the understanding of the material. It also contains a collection of selected problems with solutions that cover various aspects and applications of electromagnetism.


This book is suitable for students who have a basic knowledge of calculus, vector analysis, and differential equations. It can be used as a textbook for a course on electromagnetism or as a supplementary book for self-study or revision. It can also be used by teachers and researchers who want to refresh their knowledge or learn new topics in electromagnetism.


How to download Basic Laws Of Electromagnetism by I.E. Irodov for free?




If you are interested in reading this book, you might be wondering how to get it for free in PDF format. There are several sources where you can find this book online, but not all of them are reliable or legal. Some of them might contain viruses, malware, or spam. Some of them might violate the copyright laws or the terms of service of the original publisher.


Therefore, we recommend you to download this book from a trusted and reputable source: the Internet Archive. The Internet Archive is a non-profit digital library that provides free access to millions of books, movies, music, software, websites, and more. It preserves and distributes the cultural heritage of humanity through its collections and services.


To download Basic Laws Of Electromagnetism by I.E. Irodov from the Internet Archive, you need to follow these steps:


  • Go to https://archive.org/details/IrodovBasicLawsOfElectromagnetism. This is the page where you can find this book on the Internet Archive.



  • On the right side of the page, you will see a box with various options to view or download this book. You can choose to read it online using the online reader or download it in different formats such as PDF, EPUB, Kindle, etc.



  • To download it in PDF format, click on the PDF icon or the link that says "PDF WITH TEXT". This will open a new tab or window where you can see the PDF file of this book.



  • To save the PDF file to your computer or device, right-click on the file and choose "Save as" or "Download as". Choose a location and a name for the file and click "Save".



  • Enjoy reading this book!



Note: You might need to create a free account on the Internet Archive or log in with your existing account to access some of the features or services of this website. You might also need to have a PDF reader software or application installed on your computer or device to open and read the PDF file.


Conclusion




In this article, we have introduced you to a classic book on electromagnetism by I.E. Irodov: Basic Laws Of Electromagnetism. We have told you what electromagnetism is and why it is important, what are the basic laws of electromagnetism and how they are expressed mathematically, who is I.E. Irodov and what is his contribution to electromagnetism, and how to download this book for free in PDF format from the Internet Archive.


We hope that this article has sparked your interest and curiosity in electromagnetism and that you will enjoy reading this book and learning from it. Electromagnetism is a fascinating and rich field of physics that has many applications and implications in science, engineering, technology, and everyday life. It is also a challenging and rewarding subject that requires logical thinking, mathematical skills, and physical intuition.


If you want to learn more about electromagnetism or other topics in physics, you can check out other books by I.E. Irodov or other authors on the Internet Archive or other websites. You can also search for online courses, videos, podcasts, blogs, forums, etc. that can help you improve your knowledge and understanding of physics.


Thank you for reading this article and happy learning!


FAQs




  • What is the difference between electricity and magnetism?



Electricity and magnetism are two aspects of the same phenomenon: electromagnetism. Electricity is the flow of electric charges through a conductor or a circuit. Magnetism is the property of certain materials that attract or repel other materials or produce magnetic fields. Electric and magnetic fields can interact with each other and with electric charges and currents.


  • What are the units of electric and magnetic fields?



The units of electric field are volts per meter (V/m) or newtons per coulomb (N/C). The units of magnetic field are teslas (T) or webers per square meter (Wb/m). Alternatively, one can use the Gaussian system of units, where the units of electric field are statvolts per centimeter (statV/cm) or dynes per statcoulomb (dyn/statC) and the units of magnetic field are gauss (G).


  • What are the sources of electric and magnetic fields?



The sources of electric fields are electric charges (positive or negative) or changing magnetic fields. The sources of magnetic fields are electric currents (moving charges) or magnets or changing electric fields.


  • What are some examples of electromagnetic phenomena?



Some examples of electromagnetic phenomena are light, radio waves, microwaves, X-rays, electricity, magnetism, electromagnetic induction, electromagnetic radiation, etc.


  • What are some applications of electromagnetism?



Some applications of electromagnetism are communication, imaging, heating, sterilization, lighting, power generation, power transmission, power conversion, motors, generators, transformers, relays, solenoids, speakers, headphones, microphones, telephones, computers, TVs, radios, MRI machines, etc.


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